Some of the most common mental disorders are listed below.
Click on each disorder to read more about it.
Symptoms seen in mania include:
Types of bipolar disorder:
Alzheimer's is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms usually develop slowly and get worse over time, becoming severe enough to interfere with daily tasks.
If you or your loved one is experiencing any of the signs and symptoms below, make an appointment with a physician to discuss options:
Symptoms of depression include the following:
Fact and Figures (American Foundation for Suicide Prevention)
One can diagnose the different types of depression using the following criteria:
It is important to consider Bipolar Disorder when discussing Pediatric Depression. Bipolar disorder is when individuals have at least one manic or hypomanic episode. They also usually have episodes of depression. You can differentiate bipolar disorder in children (without manic presentation) with certain indicators such as family history of bipolar disorder, psychotic symptoms, history of medication induced mania/hypomania.
It is also important to consider Seasonal Affective Disorder when discussing Pediatric Depression. Children with Seasonal Affective Disorder have symptoms of depression during the seasons with less daylight (fall and winter). This should be differentiated from depression triggered by school stress, because both coincide with the school calendar year.
It is important to recognize and treat depression, because there can be severe consequences if depression is untreated. Suicide attempts & completion are among the most significant & devastating consequences of depression. 3.4% of people with depression commit suicide. 60% of those who commit suicide suffered from MDD or another mood disorder. In addition, untreated depression, may affect the development of the child's emotional, cognitive, & social skills, & may interfere with family relationships.And finally, there is a high risk of substance abuse (including smoking cigarettes), legal problems, exposure to negative life events, physical illness, early pregnancy, and poor performance at work or school. – Written by Aaron Reliford, MD.
Patients with GAD may have severe physical symptoms and other symptoms such as:
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by re-experiencing the traumatic event by, avoiding situations that remind you of the event, and heighted aw.
The symptoms associated with PTSD include:
Patients also often present with physical symptoms of a panic attack such as:
Schizophrenia is not cured, but can be managed with the help of healthcare professionals. Treatment includes medications (primarily anti-psychotics) as well as psychotherapy and social programs that help affected individuals improve their reality testing and boost their ability to function. For further information about schizophrenia and resources, see the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI).– Written by BPGNY Member Dr. Lianne Morris-Smith
Despite popular misconception, addiction rates for each of the commonly abused substances, including alcohol, cocaine, and nicotine are equal across racial and socioeconomic class. Nonetheless, the consequences of addiction (i.e., legal, financial, and health) disproportionately affect people with low incomes and persons of color.
The American Society of Addiction Medicine defines addiction as "… a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry." Dysfunction in these brain pathways leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors.
Addiction is characterized by inability to consistently abstain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, diminished recognition of significant problems with one's behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response.Like other chronic diseases, addiction often involves cycles of relapse and remission. Without treatment or engagement in recovery activities, addiction is progressive and can result in disability or premature death." – Written by BPGNY Member – Dr. Eddie Griffin